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direct reduction process

Direct Reduction Process an overview ScienceDirect Topics

The direct reduction processes in combination with the melting of directly reduced iron to produce steel in the EAF offer an alternative to the BF-BOF route. The basis of the direct reduction process is that solid sponge iron is produced by removing oxygen from the ore in a shaft furnace, rotary kiln furnace or fluidised bed. Sponge iron can be

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Direct reduced iron Wikipedia

Direct reduction processes can be divided roughly into two categories: gas-based, and coal-based. In both cases, the objective of the process is to drive off the oxygen contained in various forms of iron ore (sized ore, concentrates, pellets, mill scale, furnace dust, etc.), in order to convert the ore to metallic iron, without melting it (below 1,200 °C (2,190 °F)). The direct reduction process is comparatively energy efficient. Steelmade using DRI requires significant

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Direct Reduction an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Direct reduction iron or sponge iron is an old method for producing hydrogen (Milne et al., 2006; Peña et al., 2010; Biljetina and Tarman, 1981) that was replaced by more efficient and economic processes.Recently, the interest in sponge iron as a hydrogen production process has grown again, although the technology still has some major technical and economic challenges to overcome (Milne

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Direct Reduction Process Description HeatTreatConsortium

Process Description R&D Trends. In a direct reduction process, lump iron oxide pellets and/or lump iron ore, are reduced (oxygen removed) by a reducing gas, producing direct reduced iron (DRI). If the cooling stage is omitted, the DRI can be immediately briquetted into hot briquetted iron (HBI).

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Direct reduced iron process tec-science

Direct reduced iron (DRI) process. In addition to the process route via the blast furnace process, there is another option for extracting crude steel from iron ores using the so-called direct reduced iron (DRI) process (secondary route).The starting point for the efforts to find an alternative to the blast furnace process was the relatively high process expenditure.

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Direct reduced iron process tec-science

Direct reduced iron (DRI) process. In addition to the process route via the blast furnace process, there is another option for extracting crude steel from iron ores using the so-called direct reduced iron (DRI) process (secondary route).The starting point for the efforts to find an alternative to the blast furnace process was the relatively high process expenditure.

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The HBI direct reduction process voestalpine

Nov 03, 2016· The direct reduction process. HBI is the product of reducing iron ore with natural gas. This is called the direct reduction process and is an environmentally-friendly production process; a DRI plant uses natural gas which is more environmentally sound than coke. The reduction process takes place in the reduction tower.

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Direct Reduction Process Description HeatTreatConsortium

Process Description R&D Trends. In a direct reduction process, lump iron oxide pellets and/or lump iron ore, are reduced (oxygen removed) by a reducing gas, producing direct reduced iron (DRI). If the cooling stage is omitted, the DRI can be immediately briquetted into hot briquetted iron (HBI).

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What is Direct Reduced Iron? (with picture)

Nov 23, 2020· The process of crafting iron via the direct-reduction route has a distinct advantage over the more traditional, blast furnace mode of production. Not only is the resulting iron more plentiful in total iron content, but it entails a much cheaper production process than the operation of a large blast furnace.

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Direct-Reduced Iron an overview ScienceDirect Topics

Direct reduction (DR): Direct reduction involves the production of solid iron from iron ores and a reducing agent (e.g., natural gas). The solid product is called DRI and is mainly applied as feedstock in EAF. The direct reduction process has been commercialized since the 1970s and a variety of processes have been developed. (2)

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Direct-Reduced Iron Process (DRI) NIPPON STEEL ENGINEERING

NIPPON STEEL ENGINEERING CO., LTD. provides new iron source technology that enables the achievement of productivity improvements, operational cost reductions, CO 2 emissions reductions, and capital investment reductions through the optimal combination of Tenova HYL and Danieli's natural gas-based direct-reduced iron technology (ENERGIRON) with our blast furnace equipment technology

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Direct Reduced Iron and its Production Processes IspatGuru

Mar 16, 2013· In the direct reduction process, the solid metallic iron (Fe) is obtained directly from solid iron ore without subjecting the ore or the metal to fusion. Direct reduction can be defined as reduction in the solid state at O2 potentials which allow reduction of iron oxides, but not of other oxides (MnO, and SiO2 etc.), to the corresponding elements.

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GASIFICATION AND THE MIDREX? DIRECT REDUCTION

DIRECT REDUCTION PROCESS By: Rob Cheeley Senior Sales Engineer, Midrex Direct Reduction Corporation INTRODUCTION The production of direct reduced iron (DRI), a basic raw material for making steel, is concentrated in a few countries in the Middle East and Latin America. One primary reason is that natural gas, the main fuel source for most DRI

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Direct reduction : a review of commercial processes

----- FIGURES Number Page 1 Growth in production of Direct Reduction sponge iron 2 2 Types of Direct Reduction processes 11 3 Feed material size distribution 14 4 Midrex standard flowsheet 17 5 The HyL process 21 6 The SL/RN process 29 TABLES Number Page 1 Regional Distribution of Direct Reduction Plants 3 2 Annual Capacity of Direct Reduction Plants, 1977, 1980, 1985 5 3 Sponge Iron

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SL/RN process Outotec

The process principles are the basis for numerous rotary kiln plants and still represent the dominant technology for the direct reduction of lump ore or pellets using coal. Operates with the widest range of iron-bearing materials, such as pellets, lump ore, beach

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STATE OF THE DIRECT REDUCTION AND REDUCTION

Direct reduction is defined as a process of producing solid iron product out of small-grain ore, lump ore or pallets, applying natural gas or coal-based reducing agents at relatively low temperatures i.e. at around 1000OC. There are two different types of direct reduction processes:

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Midrex direct reduction SMS group

The Midrex ® direct reduction process is the industry’s most productive technology for making high-quality direct reduced iron (DRI) products, accounting for approximately 60% of the world’s total annual production. DRI and its derivatives, including hot briquetted iron (HBI), are a virgin iron feedstock that is often used in steelmaking

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(PDF) i) Direct Reduced Iron: Production

This product is known as direct reduced iron (DRI) or sponge iron. Processes that produce iron by reduction of iron ore (in solid state) below the melting point are generally classified as DR

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Home Midrex Technologies, Inc.

Oct 21, 2020· Did you know the natural-gas based MIDREX Direct Reduction Process paired with an EAF has one of the lowest CO₂ emissions of any steelmaking route today? The CO₂ footprint can be further reduced by using green hydrogen as it becomes available on a sufficient scale utilizing Midrex H2 technology. With Midrex, the approach is flexible enough

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